Himachal Pradesh

Himachal pradesh heaven in north India
Himachal Pradesh is a state in Northern India.[Get Northeast India Travel Packages] It covers total area of 21,495km and is linked by Tibet Region on the east Jammu and Kashmir at the north side, Haryana and uttarakhand on the south-east and Punjab on the west and Jammu and Kashmir at the north side
Himachal Pradesh is widely known for its natural beauty. Himachal came out as the 18th state of the Republic of India. Meaning of hima in Sanskrit is snow, and the meaning of the state's name is in the lap of Himalayas. The name was kept by Acharya Diwakar datt Sharma, one of the great scholars of Sanskrit from Himachal Pradesh.
The past of the area that now constitutes Himachal Pradesh takes back to that time when the Indus valley civilastion flourished. Tribes such as the Dagis,halis,kolis,khasas, Dasa, kirats and Kinnars took place in the region from pre-historic era.
Due to extreme variation in climate, there is great variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal. The climate varies from southern tracts and hot and sub-humid tropical, more elevation, alpine, cold, and glacial in the eastern mountain ranges and northern ranges. Himachal is also called as the fruit bowl of the country, with orchards being widespread. Pastures and Meadows are also seen clinging to slopes. After the winter season, the orchard and hills are bloom with wild flowers, while carnations, gladiolas, roses, chrysanthemums, marigolds, roses, lilies and tulips are carefully cultivated. The state government is working up to make Himachal Pradesh as the flower basket of the world.
Himachal Pradesh has around 359 animals’ species and 1200 bird species, including, the State animal (snow leopard), musk deer, ghoral and Western Tragopan. It has sanctuaries and 2 major national parks. The Great Himalayan National Park in Kullu district was created to conserve the flora and fauna of the main Himalayan range, while the Pin valley national park was there to conserve the whole ecosystem.
This State has three airports at Kullu, Shimla and Kangra districts. The air routes connect the state with Delhi and Chandigarh.
Shimla airport is around 21 km in west of bhuntar which is in Kullu district nearly 10 km from district headquarters. Gaggal airport is in Kangra district which is around 15 km from Dharamshala and 10 km from Kangra.
Himachal is widely famous for its narrow railway tracks, one is Pathankot-jogindernagar railway and another is UNESCO World Heritage Kolkata-shimla railway. Total length of both these tracks are 259 km. Pathankot–Jogindernagar gently goes through a maze of hills and valleys while Kalka-Shimla Railway track passes through lot of tunnels. It also has standard gauge railway track which connect Una district to Delhi. Programmes are being made to extend this railway line to Kangra.
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Roadways prove to be the major mode of transport in the hilly terrains. The state has road network of 28,208 km including 19 state highways and eight National highways that constitute 1,234 km and with total length of 1,625 km. Some of these roads get closed during winter and monsoon seasons due to snowfall and landslides. Hamirpur stands as the highest road density in the state.
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